Sola Scriptura (Scripture Alone)

Video: Luther on the Clarity of Scripture
Rev. Dr. James Nestingen at the Lutheran Study Days in Bergen, Norway, explains the interpretation of Scripture and the daily life through the power of language: a debate between Martin Luther and Erasmus

Video: Scripture and the Rule of Faith in the Lutheran Tradition
Dr. David Yeago of the North American Lutheran Seminary explains the Lutheran view of Scripture at the Ancient Evangelical Future Conference at Trinity School for Ministry.

Book: Martin Luther: His Life and Writings
by Rev. Dr. James Nestingen

Book: Martin Luther: A Life
by Rev. Dr. James Nestingen

God’s Word Forever Shall Abide
NALC, LCMS and LCC Joint Statement on Scripture

Understanding Sola Scriptura
Ligonier Ministries Article by Michael Kruger about the reformed view of the authority of Scripture

Luther in Front of the Text
A
 World & World Article by Rev. Dr. James Nestingen, author of Martin Luther: His Life and Writings and Martin Luther: A Life

Bible Alone
A Peaching Today resource for exploring sola Scriptura

State of American Theology Study
Interactive Report
White Paper Report

Authority within the books of the Bible
A
 Bible Gateway quicksearch of “authority” with 96 results

How the Gospel is preached in the Bible
A
 Bible Gateway quicksearch of “Gospel” “Preached” with 10 results

Solus Christus (Christ Alone)

Video: Solus Christus: Christ Alone for the 21st Century
In this video lecture, Rev. Dr. Matthew Richard shares about who Christ is and who he is not, by pointing out 11 false christs. He also shares what it means to confess Christ ‘alone’, as the Reformers of old did.

Audio: Reformation Conference 2014
Audio lecture by Dr. R.S. Clark on Sola Gratia, Sola Fide, Solus Christus

Luther and Reformation
Books and materials to dig in to the life and theology of Martin Luther and the Reformation era published by Sola Publishing

Solus Christus: Christ Alone – Only Christ
by Sam Hughey on ReformedReader.org

Five Books on Solus Christus
Ligonier Ministries list of five books that will help you gain deeper insights into Solus Christus.

Session I Links

“Purgatory”

The Origins of Purgatory– this video with Dr. Paul Robinson traces the common sense assumptions that gave rise to Purgatory.

Roman Catholic View:

The Council of TrentIn 1563 this council answered concerns raised in the Reformation. This article reasserts the Roman teachings regarding purgatory.

Lutheran View:

The Apology of the Augsburg Confession– This article on Confession and Satisfaction challenges the Roman interpretation of New Testament passages used to support the doctrine of Purgatory.  

“Bloodless Sacrifice”

Roman Catholic View:

The Council of TrentThis article discusses Roman doctrine concerning the Sacrifice of the Mass.

Lutheran View:

The Apology, Article XXIV: Of the Mass– This article addresses the Roman doctrine of the Sacrifice—particularly the notion that the external celebration of the Sacrament removes sins without faith.

Monasticism/The Monastic Movement

Martin Luther and the Idea of Monasticism– this article by Heinz Bluhm discusses Luther’s recollections of his monastic days in university lectures he gave on Psalm 45 in 1532.

General/Ecumenical Councils

Volume 19- How did the Jerusalem Council compare to other councils? Dr. Arthur A. Just, Jr. discusses the reasons for the Jerusalem Council and Paul’s comments about it.

Volume 20- Similarities with the Council of Nicea Dr. Arthur A. Just, Jr. discusses the similarities between the Jerusalem Council of Acts 15 and the Council of Nicea.

Session 5 Links

Edict of Worms (1521)

Text of the Edict of Worms
http://www.crivoice.org/creededictworms.html

History of the Wartburg
http://www.wartburg-eisenach.de/english/geschich/framedef.htm

How We Got the Bible
http://www.lhm.org/men/studydetail.asp?id=12754

Extreme Reformers

Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/andreas-bodensteinvon-karlstadt/

Luther’s Reaction to the Changes in Wittenberg
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Video/ViewDetails/706

Knights’ Revolt and Great Peasants’ War
http://onui.ru/20.shtml

Thomas Muentzer
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/apocalypse/explanation/muentzer.html

Attitudes toward the Use of Force and Violence
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/MoelleringAttitudesTowardUseForceViolence.pdf

Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants
http://www.scrollpublishing.com/store/Luther-Peasants.html

The German Mass

The German Mass and Order of Divine Service
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/germnmass-order.txt

Luther and Music
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/reuningluthermusic.pdf

Luther and the Church’s Song
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/LutherandtheChurchsSongGrime.pdf

Christmas in the Land of Luther
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Audio/ViewDetails/9853

Parish Visitations

Visitations Begin in Saxony
http://reformation500.csl.edu/timeline/visitationsbegin-in-saxony/

The Saxon Visitation (1528): Insights for Contemporary Lutheran Church Life
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/PlessTheSaxonVisitation.pdf.

Martin Luther’s Small Catechism
http://bookofconcord.org/smallcatechism.php

Martin Luther’s Large Catechism
http://bookofconcord.org/lc-1-intro.php

Presentation of the Augsburg Confession

Historical Context of the Augsburg Confession
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Video/ViewDetails/766

Philip Melanchthon: Confessor of the Faith
http://blogs.lcms.org/2010/philip-melanchthonconfessor-of-the-faith-2-2010

Luther’s Contribution to the Augsburg Confession
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/kluglutherscontribution.pdf

The Lutheran Princes

Germany during the Reformation
https://europeanhistory.boisestate.edu/reformation/germany/reformingermany.shtml

The Protest of the Princes
http://beaconoftruth.net/christian_heritage/germany/protest_princes.html

Marburg Colloquy

Ulrich Zwingli
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/thereformation/ulrich-zwingli/

The Evangelical Debate over the Person of Christ in the 16th Century: Luther and Zwingli at Marburg (1529)
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/mackenzielutherandzwinglionchrist.pdf

The Presence of Christ’s Body and Blood in the Sacrament of the Altar according to Luther
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/NagelPresenceChristsBodyBloodLuther.pdf

Luther and the War against the Turks
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/ForellLutherWarTurks.pdf

The Augsburg Confession

The Diet of Augsburg
http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_document.cfm?document_id=4383

The Schmalkaldic League

The Schmalkaldic League:
http://europeanhistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa051101a.htm

The Smalcald Articles of Martin Luther
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/wittenberg-boc.html#sa

Politics and Religion in the Smalcald League
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Video/ViewDetails/800

Luther’s Decline and Death

A History of the Life and Actions of the Very Reverend Dr. Martin Luther
Part 1: http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/melan/lifea-01.txt
Part 2: http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/melan/lifea-02.txt

Luther’s Last Battles
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/edwardslutherslastbattles.pdf

Martin Luther’s Last Days and Final Thoughts
http://marccortez.com/2012/02/18/martin-lutherslast-days-and-final-thoughts/

Luther’s Last Written Words
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/beggars.txt

How Dr. Martin Luther Died
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/HoyerHowDrMartinLutherDied.pdf

Three Funeral Sermons:

Funeral Sermon by Justas Jonas
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/JonasFuneralSermon.pdf

Funeral Sermon by Wittenberg Pastor Johann Bugenhagen
http://beck.library.emory.edu/luther/luther_site/luther_text.html

Funeral Sermon by Philip Melanchthon
http://www.bartleby.com/268/7/9.html

What Would Luther Say
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/luther-quoting.txt

Session 4 Links

Johannes Tetzel
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/tetzel/

Johann Tetzel’s Rebuttal against Luther’s Sermon on Indulgences and Grace
http://www.pitts.emory.edu/DigiTexts/Documents/Tetzel.pdf

Jan Hus
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/jan-hus/

Luther’s Attitude toward John Hus
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/PelikanLuthersAttitudeHus.pdf

Heidelberg Disputation, 1518

The Heidelberg Disputation
http://bookofconcord.org/heidelberg.php

Luther’s Theology of the Cross
http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/kadailutherstheologyofthecross.pdf

Luther and Prierias

Sylvester Prierias
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/prierias/

Formal Legal Proceedings against Luther Begin in Rome
http://reformation500.csl.edu/timeline/formal-legal-proceedings-against-luther-begin-in rome/

Cardinal Cajetan

Tomasso de Vio (Cardinal) Cajetan
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/cardinal-cajetan/

Luther Meets with Cajetan at Augsburg
http://reformation500.csl.edu/timeline/luther-meets-with-cajetan-at-augsburg/

Electoral Saxony (The Once and Never Kings)
http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Electoral_Saxony_(The_Once_and_Never_Kings)

Leipzig Debate
http://reformation500.csl.edu/timeline/leipzig-debate/

Johann Eck
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/johann-eck/

Luther’s 1520 Treatises:

Treatise on Good Works
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/work-01.txt

Treatise to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/web/nblty-01.html

On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church
http://whitehorsemedia.com/docs/BABYLONIAN_CAPTIVITY_OF_THE_CHURCH.pdf

Concerning Christian Liberty
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/web/cclib-1.html

Luther’s Tower Experience
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/tower.txt

Exsurge Domine

Text of the Papal Bull Exsurge Domine
https://www.ewtn.com/library/PAPALDOC/L10EXDOM.HTM

Bull Exsurge Domine Proclaimed in Rome
http://reformation500.csl.edu/timeline/bull-exsurgedomine-proclaimed-in-rome/

Diet of Worms

Charles V
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/charles-v/

Luther Appears before the Emperor at Worms
http://reformation500.csl.edu/timeline/luther-appearsbefore-the-emperor-at-worms/

Session 3 Links

Pope Leo X
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/leo-x/

The Medici Family
http://www.history.com/topics/medici-family

St. Peter’s Basilica
http://www.vaticanstate.va/content/vaticanstate/en/monumenti/basilica-di-s-pietro/storia.paginate.1.html

The Roman Catholic Church in the Late Middle Ages
https://europeanhistory.boisestate.edu/latemiddleages/churchstructure/01.shtml

Indulgences

Roman Teachings about Indulgences
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Video/ViewDetails/685

When Did Indulgences Begin?
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Video/ViewDetails/686

John Tetzel
http://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Tetzel

How Did Luther Come to Preach against Indulgences?
http://media.ctsfw.edu/Video/ViewDetails/689

Image of an Indulgence
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Indulgence.png

Frederick the Wise

Heroes and Saints of the Reformation: Frederick the Wise (1463-1525)
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/frederick-the-wise/

Religious Relics

Top 10 Religious Relics
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1983194_1983193_1983100,00.html

From St. Peter’s Bones to Severed Heads: Christian Relics on Display
http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/jonathanjonesblog/2013/nov/18/st-peters-boneschristian-relics

Ninety-five Theses

Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences
http://www.projectwittenberg.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/web/ninetyfive.html

Blest Halloween!
http://blogs.lcms.org/2009/blest-halloween-10-2009

Printing Press

Gutenberg’s Invention
http://www.gutenberg.de/english/erfindun.htm

“How Luther Went Viral”
http://www.economist.com/node/21541719

What a Difference a Half Millennium Makes!
http://blogs.lcms.org/2010/what-a-difference-a-halfmillennium-makes-10-2010

Session 2 Links

In the Monastery

The Flagellants
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06089c.htm

Of the Awful Judgment: for Awakening Fear in Oneself
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/anselm/meditations.iv.ii.html

Johann von Staupitz
http://reformation500.csl.edu/bio/johann-von-staupitz/

Luther’s Trip to Rome

Rome and Romans – Martin Luther
http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/browning/Lesson7.pdf