Sola Scriptura (Scripture Alone)

Video: Luther on the Clarity of Scripture
Rev. Dr. James Nestingen at the Lutheran Study Days in Bergen, Norway, explains the interpretation of Scripture and the daily life through the power of language: a debate between Martin Luther and Erasmus

Video: Scripture and the Rule of Faith in the Lutheran Tradition
Dr. David Yeago of the North American Lutheran Seminary explains the Lutheran view of Scripture at the Ancient Evangelical Future Conference at Trinity School for Ministry.

Book: Martin Luther: His Life and Writings
by Rev. Dr. James Nestingen

Book: Martin Luther: A Life
by Rev. Dr. James Nestingen

God’s Word Forever Shall Abide
NALC, LCMS and LCC Joint Statement on Scripture

Understanding Sola Scriptura
Ligonier Ministries Article by Michael Kruger about the reformed view of the authority of Scripture

Luther in Front of the Text
 World & World Article by Rev. Dr. James Nestingen, author of Martin Luther: His Life and Writings and Martin Luther: A Life

Bible Alone
A Peaching Today resource for exploring sola Scriptura

State of American Theology Study
Interactive Report
White Paper Report

Authority within the books of the Bible
 Bible Gateway quicksearch of “authority” with 96 results

How the Gospel is preached in the Bible
 Bible Gateway quicksearch of “Gospel” “Preached” with 10 results

Solus Christus (Christ Alone)

Video: Solus Christus: Christ Alone for the 21st Century
In this video lecture, Rev. Dr. Matthew Richard shares about who Christ is and who he is not, by pointing out 11 false christs. He also shares what it means to confess Christ ‘alone’, as the Reformers of old did.

Audio: Reformation Conference 2014
Audio lecture by Dr. R.S. Clark on Sola Gratia, Sola Fide, Solus Christus

Luther and Reformation
Books and materials to dig in to the life and theology of Martin Luther and the Reformation era published by Sola Publishing

Solus Christus: Christ Alone – Only Christ
by Sam Hughey on

Five Books on Solus Christus
Ligonier Ministries list of five books that will help you gain deeper insights into Solus Christus.

Session I Links


The Origins of Purgatory– this video with Dr. Paul Robinson traces the common sense assumptions that gave rise to Purgatory.

Roman Catholic View:

The Council of TrentIn 1563 this council answered concerns raised in the Reformation. This article reasserts the Roman teachings regarding purgatory.

Lutheran View:

The Apology of the Augsburg Confession– This article on Confession and Satisfaction challenges the Roman interpretation of New Testament passages used to support the doctrine of Purgatory.  

“Bloodless Sacrifice”

Roman Catholic View:

The Council of TrentThis article discusses Roman doctrine concerning the Sacrifice of the Mass.

Lutheran View:

The Apology, Article XXIV: Of the Mass– This article addresses the Roman doctrine of the Sacrifice—particularly the notion that the external celebration of the Sacrament removes sins without faith.

Monasticism/The Monastic Movement

Martin Luther and the Idea of Monasticism– this article by Heinz Bluhm discusses Luther’s recollections of his monastic days in university lectures he gave on Psalm 45 in 1532.

General/Ecumenical Councils

Volume 19- How did the Jerusalem Council compare to other councils? Dr. Arthur A. Just, Jr. discusses the reasons for the Jerusalem Council and Paul’s comments about it.

Volume 20- Similarities with the Council of Nicea Dr. Arthur A. Just, Jr. discusses the similarities between the Jerusalem Council of Acts 15 and the Council of Nicea.

Session 5 Links

Edict of Worms (1521)

Text of the Edict of Worms

History of the Wartburg

How We Got the Bible

Extreme Reformers

Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt

Luther’s Reaction to the Changes in Wittenberg

Knights’ Revolt and Great Peasants’ War

Thomas Muentzer

Attitudes toward the Use of Force and Violence

Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants

The German Mass

The German Mass and Order of Divine Service

Luther and Music

Luther and the Church’s Song

Christmas in the Land of Luther

Parish Visitations

Visitations Begin in Saxony

The Saxon Visitation (1528): Insights for Contemporary Lutheran Church Life

Martin Luther’s Small Catechism

Martin Luther’s Large Catechism

Presentation of the Augsburg Confession

Historical Context of the Augsburg Confession

Philip Melanchthon: Confessor of the Faith

Luther’s Contribution to the Augsburg Confession

The Lutheran Princes

Germany during the Reformation

The Protest of the Princes

Marburg Colloquy

Ulrich Zwingli

The Evangelical Debate over the Person of Christ in the 16th Century: Luther and Zwingli at Marburg (1529)

The Presence of Christ’s Body and Blood in the Sacrament of the Altar according to Luther

Luther and the War against the Turks

The Augsburg Confession

The Diet of Augsburg

The Schmalkaldic League

The Schmalkaldic League:

The Smalcald Articles of Martin Luther

Politics and Religion in the Smalcald League

Luther’s Decline and Death

A History of the Life and Actions of the Very Reverend Dr. Martin Luther
Part 1:
Part 2:

Luther’s Last Battles

Martin Luther’s Last Days and Final Thoughts

Luther’s Last Written Words

How Dr. Martin Luther Died

Three Funeral Sermons:

Funeral Sermon by Justas Jonas

Funeral Sermon by Wittenberg Pastor Johann Bugenhagen

Funeral Sermon by Philip Melanchthon

What Would Luther Say

Session 4 Links

Johannes Tetzel

Johann Tetzel’s Rebuttal against Luther’s Sermon on Indulgences and Grace

Jan Hus

Luther’s Attitude toward John Hus

Heidelberg Disputation, 1518

The Heidelberg Disputation

Luther’s Theology of the Cross

Luther and Prierias

Sylvester Prierias

Formal Legal Proceedings against Luther Begin in Rome rome/

Cardinal Cajetan

Tomasso de Vio (Cardinal) Cajetan

Luther Meets with Cajetan at Augsburg

Electoral Saxony (The Once and Never Kings)

Leipzig Debate

Johann Eck

Luther’s 1520 Treatises:

Treatise on Good Works

Treatise to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation

On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church

Concerning Christian Liberty

Luther’s Tower Experience

Exsurge Domine

Text of the Papal Bull Exsurge Domine

Bull Exsurge Domine Proclaimed in Rome

Diet of Worms

Charles V

Luther Appears before the Emperor at Worms

Session 3 Links

Pope Leo X

The Medici Family

St. Peter’s Basilica

The Roman Catholic Church in the Late Middle Ages


Roman Teachings about Indulgences

When Did Indulgences Begin?

John Tetzel

How Did Luther Come to Preach against Indulgences?

Image of an Indulgence

Frederick the Wise

Heroes and Saints of the Reformation: Frederick the Wise (1463-1525)

Religious Relics

Top 10 Religious Relics,28804,1983194_1983193_1983100,00.html

From St. Peter’s Bones to Severed Heads: Christian Relics on Display

Ninety-five Theses

Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences

Blest Halloween!

Printing Press

Gutenberg’s Invention

“How Luther Went Viral”

What a Difference a Half Millennium Makes!

Session 2 Links

In the Monastery

The Flagellants

Of the Awful Judgment: for Awakening Fear in Oneself

Johann von Staupitz

Luther’s Trip to Rome

Rome and Romans – Martin Luther